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Creation of the Institute of Neurosciences as part of the Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias de la Universidad de Guadalajara was approved on May 26 1994, with the objective of consolidating a research group firmly committed to pursuing answers to questions related to the brain-behavior correlation. Initially, it was assigned three functions: 1. To carry out vanguard research on the brain-behavior-cognition correlation; 2. To disseminate the results of its research orally at specialized forums and in writing in books and articles for scientific journals with an impact at the international, national and local levels that support the formation of undergraduate students and the development of professionals in this area of knowledge; and, 3. To establish programs linking the Institute to the social, educational and health sectors and provide materials that support the exercise of their professional activities. One year later, in 1995, the Institute initiated its Graduate Program of Master’s and Doctoral degrees in Neuroscience. Since its creation, promotes interdisciplinary research and teaching programs that train high-level professor/researchers. The addition of the Doctoral Program in Clinical Neuropsychology in 2012 had the objective of training professionals well-prepared to perform neuropsychological evaluations and rehabilitation, among other practical applications. The Institute has consolidated laboratories devoted to 10 specialized areas: Electroencephalographic Correlation and Behavior, Pharmacology and Behavior, Neurophysiology of Attention Processes, Clinical Neurophysiology, Neurophysiology of Reproductive Behavior, Neuropsychology and Neurolinguistics, Basic Processes of Animal and Human Behavior, Psychophysiology of Memory, Psychophysiology of Cognitive and Emotional Processes, Psychophysiology of Perceptual Processes, and Cortical plasticity & Perceptual Learning. These laboratories collaborate and interact in their respective research endeavors and maintain links with similar institutions in Mexico and abroad to contribute to advancing knowledge in the area of Cognitive Neuroscience.

In the early 1950s, the convent of the religious group “Madres Reparadoras”, was built. The architecture of this building is of the typical convent type, with ample halls and patios that offered spaces for reflection and a pleasant ambience. In September 2002, the central part of the property and the building’s northern wing were bought by the Universidad de Guadalajara to house the Instituto de Neurociencias, which had been operating in a house rented by the University. The move to the new building has allowed the Institute to better fulfill the functions for which it was created. Upon completing certain remodeling projects in 2006, the edifice became the seat of the Institute of Neurosciences.